Osteoporosis is a bone disease that develops when bone mineral density decreases. Or when the structure and strength of bone change. This causes bones to become weak and brittle. They become so brittle that a fall or even the smallest stress can cause breaks. It affects both men and women of all races. In this article let us have a look at the symptoms and major risk factors of Osteoporosis.
White and Asian women, especially older women are at the highest risk. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn’t keep up with the loss of old bone. Although their are some Shocking risk factors for osteoporosis discussed in this article.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Though silent initially, advanced osteoporosis whispers through your body. Back pain screams from fractured vertebrae, height shrinks like melting snow, and your posture hunches, burdened by weakened bones. Each creak and groan becomes a chilling reminder of bones begging for attention. Here the four major symptoms
- Back pain is the one of the major symptoms
- Loss of height over time.
- A stooped posture.
- A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.
7 Risk factors for Osteoporosis
Postmenopausal women are susceptible to primary osteoporosis. Since osteoporosis is closely related to estrogen deficiency. During the menopausal period, the drop of estrogen leads to more bone resorption. Menopause is osteoporosis’ main cause. When menopause starts, hormone levels shift, estrogen levels vary, and then drop hard. Keeping bones healthy is what estrogen helps with. Lower estrogen levels after and during menopause can hasten women’s bone loss.
Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with osteoporosis. If you want to look out for your bone health, it’s a good idea to avoid excessive alcohol consumption. Studies suggest moderate drinking for bone health, but this isn’t conclusive. Osteoporosis is an illness of the bones that causes decreased bone strength. Excessive alcohol might impair the capacity of your body to form new bones.
Vitamin D enhances intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate. Low concentrations of vitamin D are associated with impaired calcium absorption. A negative calcium balance, and a compensatory rise in parathyroid hormone (PTH). This results in excessive bone resorption. Vitamin D promotes calcium absorption, which helps to strengthen bones. Some people may need higher doses than suggested due to poor absorption. For further information, consult your healthcare provider.
Glucocorticoids decrease the function of the remaining osteoblasts directly and indirectly. The stimulation of bone resorption is likely responsible for the initial bone loss. Not all people who take steroid medications lose bone or lose bone at the same rate. The dose, the underlying diseases, and possibly genes all play a part. So, if a steroid like prednisolone is needed for over three months, extra care might be needed. Doctors often suggest taking extras like vitamin D, and calcium to prevent (osteoporosis).
Age & Sex
The chances of developing osteoporosis are greater if you are a woman. Women have less bone tissue and lose bone faster than men because of the menopause. The older you are, the greater your risk of osteoporosis. Women are more likely to have osteoporosis. Men typically have larger bones as well as greater peak bone mass compared to women. It is rarely inappropriate to get treatment, as aging is a major risk factor for osteoporosis. Treatment can stop bone loss and dramatically lower the risk of fracture
Osteoporosis represents a common and severe complication in patients with anorexia. AN that normally persists despite weight restoration and the resumption of regular menses. The condition may result in significant pain, injury, and disability. People with this often do not get enough nutrition to function. This increases the risk of more health problems.
Inactivity is risky
Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for osteoporosis. And increasing physical activity at any point throughout the lifespan affects bone health. Exercising daily can reduce the rate of bone loss. Most bone fractures occur because of a fall. Exercising daily helps you grow and maintain bone mass and controls your weight. Less weight means less stress on your bones.